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Jayanti Railway: History and Significance

Jayanti Railway - History and Significance

The Beginning of Railway in Jayanti

During the British-Indian rule, Jayanti then became self-sufficient in the mining industry and the tea industry.  The treasury of British India then became very much dependent on Jayanti.  When the big European tea-mining industry developed around Jayanti, it became challenging for them to supply their goods. They applied to the Maharaja of Cooch Behar, Nripendra Narayan, to set up the Jayanti Railway and it started in 1901.

The progress of Jayanti Railway

Jayanti Station signboard

Then enters the unit trains are in the form of the first train in Jayanti.  As Jayanti is a mineral industrial area, dolomite, limestone, small and big stones, tea and wood are transported by train to other parts of the country. Later, passenger train service started on Jayanti with four-passenger compartments. The managers of the European tea garden used to travel by this train. Those trains were used to bring nine European tea-garden consignments and deliver tea to the tea board in Calcutta.

After the independence of India, this passenger train would leave Alipurduar junction at 08:30 pm and reach Jayanti at 9:30 pm. The next day it would leave Jayanti at 8 am and reach Alipurduar junction at 9 am. One of the compartments of the passenger train used to be used for the postal service.  All the posts and letters came from the RMS Center Alipurduar Junction to Rajabhatkhawa – Buxa and Jayanti.

Arrangements like railway hospital, water department, running shed for railway staff services were available in Jayanti.  About 60 to 70 personnel provided services to the railway department.

After the independence of India, the benefit of passenger trains stopped. The Railway Department maintained the rail service with three compartments of freight.  And the timing of the train changed in the 70s when It departed from Alipurduar Junction at 8 am and from Jayanti at noon.

Vendor number of N. F. Railway canteen of Jayanti
Vendor number of N. F. Railway canteen of Jayanti

Sindhia Company, Stones and Dolomite business in Jayanti

The Sindhia Company was established on Jayanti to send stones from the Jayanti River through the Railway Department during the entire year.  Many of the stones used in the new broad gauge railway line, meter gauge, the narrow-gauge line could be carried in bogies from Jayanti.

Jayanti-Gitalda Freight bogies used to come from Bangladesh on this railway. The purpose was to take dolomite on Jayanti, and this dolomite would go to Chittagong Steel Factory in Bangladesh.

 Railway drivers, guards, and other staff used to spend the night at Jayanti as there was a running shed on the bank of the Jayanti river.

Jayanti Rail Pillar over Jayanti river
Jayanti Rail Pillar over Jayanti river
Jayanti Rail Pillar over Jayanti river

The experience and the remains

Remains of Jayanti rail quarters
Remains of Jayanti rail quarters
Remains of Jayanti rail quarters
Remains of Jayanti rail quarters

Those who used to travel from Alipurduar by train on Jayanti at that time could not forget the thrilling journey of this railway even today.  A different feeling was created in the heart of this Jayanti to Alipurduar train journey. In the literature and stories of many writers, the Jayanti journey by train is still immortal.

There were two canteens for tiffin and water next to the Jayanti railway station among the railway passenger services.  Those two canteens are still alive in the form of Ganesh Hotel. This hotel is situated near the Jayanti bus stand.

 At a distance of 4 km from Jayanti, there are two pillars of the historic railway bridge standing on the bank of the river Bala. There is still a part of the railway quarters with evidence of the Jayanti railway of the broken ruins.

The End of Jayanti Railway

 After the announcement of the Buxa Tiger Reserve in 1986, They stopped the historic railway service of Jayanti. The railway line is uprooted from the Jayanti’s chest. Only the stones lying on the railway line are left.

During her reign as the Minister of Railways, Mrs Mamata Banerjee surveyed in 2009 to rerun the Rajabhatkhawa-Jayanti train.  The IRCTC observer team came to Jayanti as the first step led by Shri Mridul Goswami Mahasaya, General Secretary of the State Trinamool Congress. Today, the state’s ruling party tried to re-establish the 13 km Rajabhatkhawa as a Jayanti Troy train to include this railway in the World Heritage List.

Rail bridge pillar over Bala River
Rail bridge pillar over Bala River
Prafullo Hotel which was once the railway canteen
Prafullo Hotel which was once the railway canteen

STATION MASTERS WORKED IN JAYANTI RAILWAY STATION

 Here are some of the railway station masters who worked on Jayanti (found from Jayanti’s old men)

  1. Sri Subodh Kar (1952-1957),

 2. Shri Nani Gopal Roy (1958-69),

 3. Shri Anil Roy Ghatak (RSM. 1958-59),

 4. Mr Sunil Chandra Gon (1960-1981)

 5. Sri Bidhu Bhushan Singh (1982-86)

 6. Mr Manish Lahiri (1986-1987)

The goods officer was Mr Bose (full name not known). Some of the staff who were working in the railways on Jayanti- Shri Naresh Chandra Bhaduri, Compounder Shri Gyanendra Das, Shri P Ramamurthy Naidu, Shri Raghunandan Sa, MD Halim, Shri Gopal Chandra Das, Shrikant Gowalla, Shri Yogeshwar Mahato, Shri Gopal Chandra Das, Shri Dinesh Sarkar, Shri Raren Dutt,  Shri Sunil Gupta, Shri Rarendra Nath Roy, Shri Premananda Dey, Shri Panchanan Sahu, Shri Sitaram Mahato, Shri Nagchedi Basfor, Shri Tofia Basfor and many more.

Railway staff quarters
Railway staff quarters
The old ticket counter and godown
The old ticket counter and godown

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